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Global change and nature conservation: lessons from ecology and palaeoecology

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: 07-GC-AMU-PIE Kod Erasmus / ISCED: (brak danych) / (brak danych)
Nazwa przedmiotu: Global change and nature conservation: lessons from ecology and palaeoecology
Jednostka: Wydział Nauk Geograficznych i Geologicznych
Grupy: oferta AMU-PIE na semestr zimowy
Strona przedmiotu: https://international.amu.edu.pl/amu-pie-short-courses2/amu-pie-short-courses/amu-pie-offer-20142015-winter-semester/?a=220354
Punkty ECTS i inne: 5.00
zobacz reguły punktacji
Język prowadzenia: język angielski
Pełny opis:

LECTURES

The lecture provides information about novel techniques investigating past global changes using biotic and abiotic indicators. Especially important in this context are high resolution (preferably annual) multiproxy studies revealing in detail how environmental changes – including human impact – have disturbed various types of natural ecosystems. Terrestrial archives (e.g. soils, lakes and peatlands) give an opportunity to reconstruct precisely past climatic and human induced changes. From each of those archives several biotic or abiotic proxies (e.g. pollen, plant macrofossils, chironomids) can be extracted. Consequently, those proxies are used to reconstruct past climatic variables such as temperature, precipitation or soil wetness. Furthermore, long-term ecology methods can also be used to reconstruct the land-use changes e.g. deforestation and soil erosion. The lecture presents theory, methods and several case studies of scientific research on the recent climatic changes and human impact. what is more, it also shows the importance of combination of neo-ecology and palaeoecology as the source of highly relevant information that improves palaeoenvironmental reconstructions.

PRACTICALS

Main palaeoecological methods are presented that relate to the topics presented during lectures. Students can observe and identify microfossils through the microscope. Also seeds, fruits, wood fragments and other macrofossils are presented. The students work on palaeoecological diagrams, they differentiate biostratigraphic zones, describe environmental history and discuss events in the context of climate change and human impact

Week 1 Introduction: Holocene and the last millennium perspective of the global change

Week 2 Ecology and palaeoecology: how do they interact?

Week 3 General information about methods (from the field to the laboratory)

Week 4 Natural archives of the past ecosystems: lakes, peatlands, soils, and tree rings

Week 5 Biotic versus abiotic proxies: pollen, plant macrofossils, diatoms, chironomids, tree rings, geochemistry and stable isotopes

Week 6 Multiproxy high resolution approach – case studies from different parts of the world

Week 7 Long-term ecology in conservation biology

Practicals

Identification and interpreation

1. Lake and peat deposits

2. Pollen and spores

3. Plant macrofossils

4. Testate amoebae and non-pollen palynomorphs

5. Interpretation of the diagrams

Literatura:

Mackay, A. W., Battarbee, R. W., Birks, H. H. and Oldfield, F. (Eds.). 2003: Global change in the Holocene. London: Arnold.

Birks, H. J. B., Birks, H. H. 1980. Quaternary palaeoecology. London, Arnold.

Charman D. 2002. Peatlands and environmental change.

Berglund, B. E. (Ed.). 1986: Handbook of Holocene palaeoecology and palaeohydrology. John Wiley & Sons.

Warner, B.G. 1990. Methods in Quaternary Ecology. Geological Association of Canada.

Smol J.P. 2008. Pollution of Lakes and Rivers: a paleoenvironmental perspective. Blackwell Publishing.

Students will be provided with the key-papers for all the topics discussed during the lecture and practicals

Internet

PAGES Past Global Changes http://www.pages.unibe.ch

International Geosphere-Biosphere Program http://www.igbp.net/

British Ecological Society http://www.britishecologicalsociety.org/

HOLIVAR2006 Open Science Meeting Natural Climate Variability and Global Warming http://www.holivar2006.org/

International Association for Ecology http://www.intecol.net/

Metody i kryteria oceniania:

Written examination covering lectures and practicals.

Practicals: assessment based on attendance, determination of micro and macrofossils

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr zimowy 2017/2018" (zakończony)

Okres: 2017-10-01 - 2018-02-21
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć: Wykład, 15 godzin więcej informacji
Zajęcia laboratoryjne, 15 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: (brak danych)
Prowadzący grup: Mariusz Gałka, Mariusz Lamentowicz
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Zaliczenie z notą

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr zimowy 2020/2021" (w trakcie)

Okres: 2020-10-01 - 2021-02-21
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć: Wykład, 15 godzin więcej informacji
Zajęcia laboratoryjne, 15 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: (brak danych)
Prowadzący grup: Piotr Kołaczek, Mariusz Lamentowicz, Katarzyna Marcisz, Monika Reczuga
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Zaliczenie z notą
Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu.